Saturday, 20 June 2009


1. Area
3280463 Sq. KM
2. Geographical location
Latitudes: 8° 4' to 37° 6 ' north
Longitudes: 68° 7 ' to 97° 25' east.
3. Indian Standard Time
GMT + 05:30 (Standard for Allahabad, 82.5° East)
4. Border Countries:
Afghanistan and Pakistan to the north-west
China, Bhutan and Nepal to the north;
Myanmar to the east;
Bangladesh to the east of West Bengal.
Sri Lanka is separated from India by a narrow channel of sea, formed by Palk Strait and the Gulf of Mannar
5. Coastline
7,516.6 km including the mainland, Lakshadweep Islands and the Andaman & Nicobar Islands.
6. Capital
New Delhi
7. National Flag
The National Flag is a horizontal tricolour of deep saffron (kesaria) at the top, white in the middle, and dark green at the bottom in equal proportion. At the centre of the white band is a navy blue wheel, which is a representation of the Ashoka Chakra at Sarnath.
8. National Emblem
Replica of the Ashoka's Pillar at Sarnath, UP
9. National Anthem
Jana Gana Mana, written by Rabindra Nath Tagore in 1911
10. National Song
Vande Maatram, Bankim Chandra Chatterji, taken from Novel "Ananda Math" published in 1882

11. National Bird
12. National Game
13. National Animal
14. National Flower
15. National Calendar
Saka, Introduced on March 22, 1957
16. National Days
26th January (Republic Day)
15th August (Independence Day)
2nd October (Gandhi Jayanti; Birthday of Mahatma Gandhi)
30th January (Martyrs' Day)
5th September (Teachers' Day, Birthday of Dr. S. Radha Krishnan)
14th November (Children's Day, Birthday of Jawaharlal Nehru)
17. Type of Government
Sovereign Socialist Democratic Republic with a Parliamentary system of Government
18. Legislature (Bicameral)
Lok Sabha (House of the People)
Rajya Sabha (Council of States)
19. States
20. Union Territories
21. Largest State in Population
Uttar Pradesh
22. State with Highest Density of Population
West Bengal (904)
23. Life expectancy
63.9 years (Males); 66.9 years (Females) (As of Sep 2005)
24. Largest state in area
25. Largest desert in
26. State with Lowest Density of Population
27. State with the Minimum Area
28. First state to achieve nearly 100% rural electrification
29. Population 2001 Census
1,027 millions
30. Population Growth Rate
1.93 per cent during 1991-2001.
31. Rank in population
32. Major Export of India
33. Major Bank
Reserve Bank of India
34. Highest per capita income
Punjab (Among States), Chandigarh (Overall)
35. Lowest per capita income
36. Membership of U.N.O
37. First General Elections
38. First Five Year Plan
39. Financial Capital
40. Languages
22 Languages recognized by constitution. Hindi is the Official Union Language.
41. Literacy rate
64.84 % (75.26% for males and 53.67% for female)
42. Coldest place
Dras Sector
43. First Indian Lady in the Space
Kalpana Chawla
44. First Indian Man in the Space
Rakesh Sharma
45. Sex ratio (Male: Female)
1000:933 (2001 Census)
46. Formation of INC (Indian National Congress)
47. Hindi became National Language
48. Muslim League formed in
49. Wettest Place
Mawsynram, Meghalaya
50. Wettest state
51. Biggest District
Bastar (M. P.)
52. Rural Population
About 72%
53. Largest Desert
Thar (Rajasthan)


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